2 edition of The probability of damage to an aircraft carrier from an underwater explosion found in the catalog.
|Statement||by Nicholas J. De Nunzio and John J Macan|
|Contributions||Macan, John J., Massachusetts Institute of Technology|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||1 v. :|
The USS Yorktown took heavy damage at the Battle of Coral Sea "There was this tremendous underwater surge from the explosions and the water just banged into the side of the ship," Roy said. Seventeen U.S. Navy sailors were killed and 39 injured in the deadliest attack against a United States naval vessel since the USS Stark incident in Al-Qaeda claimed responsibility for the attack against the United States. A U.S. judge has held Sudan liable for the attack, while another has released over $13 million in Sudanese frozen assets to the relatives of those : 12 October , am (UTC+).
GreenTom. You are correct that Wikipedia says it was a MK 48, which—again according to Wikipedia—has a warhead of kg. However, according to the Master’s thesis “Investigation of Close Proximity Underwater Explosion Effects on a Ship-Like Structure Using the Multi-Material Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian Finite Element Method”, which is an excellent resource for exactly this. USS Lexington (CV-2), nicknamed "Lady Lex", was an early aircraft carrier built for the United States was the lead ship of the Lexington class; her only sister ship, Saratoga, was commissioned a month ally designed as a battlecruiser, she was converted into one of the Navy's first aircraft carriers during construction to comply with the terms of the Washington Naval Aircraft carried:
In the early morning air of a clear spring day, the bow of the USS Bennington (CVA) effortlessly cut its way though waters just off Narragansett Bay. 1 The ship was on a heading away from the mainland, and was about to settle down for morning flight quarters for pilot carrier qualification.. Seaman First Class William Vickers stood in Hangar Bay 3 looking out at an unusually calm ocean. pilings. Surge accounts for major damage to boats because it puts docks and dockline arrangements underwater as the boat tries to float above. In Hurricane Sandy set a new surge record of 14 feet in parts of New York. Surge is the result of several factors. Due to low barometric pressure, the ocean surface is drawn upward forming a mound.
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Thesis (MNE)(MNArch.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, The probability of damage to an aircraft carrier from an underwater explosion.
Not believed to be a CIVINS (Civilian Institutions) thesis presents a method, through the use of probability theory, of determining specific types of damage to an aircraft carrier. Consideration is given to the cases of loss of main machinery spaces and shafting resulting from side contact and underbottom non-contact explosions against a carrier possessing an underwater protective : Nicholas J.
De Nunzio and John J. Macan. If an underwater explosion occurs close to the structure, the resulting pressure wave will rupture the hull and cause significant damage to surrounding equipment.
On the other hand, if the explosion occurs far from the ship, the blast wave will have a planar front and the pressure loading will be nonuniform.
The Bureau's experience with underwater explosion tests and in analysis of war damage indicates that a liquid layer (if an internal armored bulkhead is not available) of about four feet thickness is sufficient to stop fragments resulting from a torpedo explosion or at.
certain damages is known from experience, that is, damage statistics. The probability of flooding a space is then equal to the probability of occurrence of all such damages which just open the considered space to the sea.
RESOLUTION MSC(85) (adopted on 4 December )File Size: 1MB. The most serious threats to a ship’s survival are probably collision or an underwater explosion. Collisions are dealt with under damage stability. The detonation of an explosive device leads to the creation of a pulsating bubble of gas containing about half the energy of the explosion (Figure ).
The modern aircraft carrier is a global symbol of American dominance, hegemony, peace, even empire. But at over 1, feet long, and displacing more thantons, is it a sitting duck. Is the. A series of collisions involving U.S.
Navy destroyers in and —including two incidents this summer that left sixteen sailors dead—have. Start studying Enlisted PPME Block 4: Carrier Air Wing. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Underwater explosion damage-large ships. Underwater explosion damage impairs the strength of a ship in two ways. Structural strength members are damaged by being ruptured or buckled. Flooding of compartments also takes place, thus increasing the loading on the previously damaged ship girder (see Chapt.
XV). Decades Ago, the U.S. Military Set Off a Nuke Underwater, And It Went Very Badly Copy Link Facebook Twitter Reddit Flipboard Pocket The most destructive part of the blast was the cloud of. decommissioned aircraft carrier, the ex-USS America. - Probability of kill versus probability of hit studies - Damage scenario-based engineering analyses of speciﬁc hits - Two underwater.
The most powerful warship in the world, the nuclear-powered U.S. Nimitz-Class aircraft carrier is seen as impregnable. But when the USS Thomas Jefferson suddenly disappears at sea, the Pentagon is stunned. There are no survivors, and all signs point to a tragic nuclear accident.
While the world stands in shock, reports suggest that it was no /5. During the Pacific campaign in WWII aircraft carriers were the prime targets in the fleet engagements fought between the USA (and later Britain) and Japan. At first massive carrier engagements took place where the carriers were damaged and sometimes sunk by torpedoes and bombs.
The effects of underwater explosions which endanger a ship's ability to survive. The results of an underwater explosion may be such as to endanger a ship's ability to survive.
The factors involved are as follows: 1. Ability to keep the ship afloat. The entrance of damage water into the ship will reduce transverse stability, reserve.
• CVN 21 is a new class of nuclear powered aircraft carrier an underwater explosion test event on the ex-America (a probability of kill versus probability of hit studies, damage scenario. I do not own this video or images. Posted under Fair Use.
I posted this for historical purposes only. In Honor of the 1, American lives lost on board the USS Arizona (BB) on. The Baker nuclear test at Bikini Atoll in July was a shallow underwater explosion, part of Operation Crossroads.A 20 kiloton warhead was detonated in a lagoon which was approximately ft (61 m) deep.
The first effect was illumination of the water because of the underwater fireball. A rapidly expanding gas bubble created a shock wave that caused an expanding ring of apparently dark. CONFIDENTIAL U.S.S. Enterprise (CV6) War History 7 December, to 15 August, The Chief of Naval Operations directs that this report be shown only to those persons to whom the report would be of value in the performance of their duties.
Steps shall be taken accordingly to insure that the report will be seen by those persons responsible for design, construction and repair of naval. AIRCRAFT CARRIER (IN)VULNERABILITY What It Takes To Successfully Attack an American Aircraft Carrier EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.
In addition to the larger ship's capacity to absorb damage, it could also accommodate more robust defenses such as F interceptors and E-2C early-warning aircraft. Moreover, nuclear propulsion enabled a carrier to operate at.
The bomber missed his target by more than a third of a mile, so the bomb caused much less ship damage than anticipated. The subsequent underwater bomb .The damage reported by Navy Yard, Pearl Harbor, to the various electrical systems due to the shock of the torpedo explosion and the subsequent flooding is indicated below: I.
Power System (A) All cables of feeders FE from the forward distribution switchboard, and of FB from the forward turbo switchboard, which led to No.USS Hornet (CV-8), the seventh U.S.
Navy vessel of that name, was a Yorktown-class aircraft carrier of the United States World War II in the Pacific Theater, she launched the Doolittle Raid on Tokyo and participated in the Battle of Midway and the Buin-Faisi-Tonolai Raid. In the Solomon Islands campaign, she was involved in the capture and defense of Guadalcanal and the Battle of Aircraft carried: 72 × aircraft.